Founded in 1010
Became Vietnam's Capital on Sept. 2, 1945
Poplation: approximately 6.5 million
Number of motorcycles: approximately 4 million
Ho Chi Minh Moseleum; Hoan Kiem Lake, Old Quarter; Temple of Literature; Opera House; Ethnology, History, War, and Womens Museums; Steetfood culture; Water puppet theatre; Long Bien bridge; West Lake; B52 Lake; Tradition and contempory art, Hanoi pho (noodle soup).
Everything you’ve read or heard about Hanoi is remarkably true. The overloaded motorcycles, the lively markets, and some of the world’s best street food are all here. Abounding with history, culture and heritage, museum and gallery hopping are popular activities in and around Hanoi’s famous Old Quarter.
Less vibrant and more reserved than its counterpart in the South, Hanoi is a great place to explore on foot. If Ho Chi Minh City is defined by hustle and bustle and people on the move, Hanoi's trademark is green parks and tranquil lakes.
The city is divided into districts, many of which take their name from a lake within the district's boundaries. Each district has its own charms. Hoan Kiem has become the most familiar with tourists. At its center is Ho Hoan Kiem (Lake of the Restored Sword). A broad path encircles the lake, attracting residents to its shores throughout the day.
Hoan Kiem Lake at dawn you'll find young and old walking, jogging, practicing Tai Chi and playing badminton. After dark, the lake is lit up with colourful lights and young couples walk hand-in-hand or seek privacy under the trees on one of the numerous park benches at the water's edge.
To the north and west of the lake is Hanoi's famed old quarter with its confusing maze of narrow cobblestoned streets. Home to numerous mini-hotels, art galleries, restaurants and shops, the Old Quarter is worth a day of aimless wandering and discovery. Many visitors, particularly backpackers, choose this area as their base in Hanoi.
South and east of the lake, the wide tree-lined boulevards of the old French quarter offer a stark contrast to the confusion of the Old Quarter. The French colonial influence, obvious throughout the city, is particularly evident here. Many colonial villas are now home to embassies, upscale hotels and restaurants.
Those spending more than a couple of days in Hanoi will want to explore other areas of the city as well. Ba Dinh District, west of Hoan Kiem, is the up-and-coming business center and home to the posh Hanoi Daewoo Hotel. Scenic Ho Tay District to the north is dominated by Ho Tay (West Lake) and boasts numerous historic sites and temples.
Hanoi awakes early, with activity in the parks beginning before sunrise and winding down by 7 a.m. Most offices, stores and museums open around 7:30 am, closing for lunch between 11 and 1, and reopening again until 5 p.m. Most restaurants stop serving at10 p.m.
Hanoi has four distinct seasons. Winters can actually be quite chilly; although snow is foreign to Hanoi residents. Summers are hot and rainy. Probably the best time to visit is spring and fall.